The Foundation and History of La Retraite
La Retraite School was founded in 1880, in what used to be known as Clapham Park, by Les Dames De La Retraite. They were sisters who had travelled from France with the aim of establishing a girls' school in South London. Their religious order had been founded by Catherine De Francheville in Vannes in 1674. They enabled women to go on retreat and thus escape from the burdens of their everyday life, contemplate their relationship with God, and return to their duties enlivened by the intercession of the Holy Spirit. From the start the order had a special devotion to the Sacred Heart and this special feast day is celebrated annually at the school. In 1794 one of the La Retraite Sisters was martyred for her devotion to the Sacred Heart. The new French Republic had tried to suppress any interest in this kind of devotion.
La Retraite soon gained an excellent reputation and the school began to grow. The sisters first bought Oakfield House, previously owned by the family of the Victorian portrait painter, De Lazlo. This now forms the heart of the convent next door to our school. By 1897, they had bought The Oaks which was pulled down in 1935 to make way for the new school chapel and dining room. In 1904, a third house called Springfield House was bought from the family of the famous music hall artist, Dan Leno, who was known as "the funniest man in the world and champion clog dancer". The Sisters were also lucky enough to buy the huge field which is now our playing field. The house next door, Burlington House, was soon purchased and linked with Springfield House. La Retraite High School was now well established with a reputation for an innovative and challenging curriculum which inspired the girls to go on to university and study for the professions at a time when there were limited spaces for women. In 1913, the Western Block and the gymnasium were completed. In 1915, the school had 132 fee paying pupils who were either day scholars or boarders and when La Retraite was visited by inspectors in 1920 they wrote: "The school authorities are to be congratulated on the amenities of the school buildings and grounds" The gymnasium was considered "the finest in London".
During the Second World War the school was evacuated, via Clapham Junction Station, to Horndean, a village in Hampshire. The La Retraite Sisters continued their work of education and organising retreats, and after the war, when the school returned to Clapham Park, it became a two form entry Grammar School recognised officially by the London County Council.
Above: Picture of La Retraite sisters attending mass at La Retraite school chapel - Date unknown
In the 1970s, when selective education was abolished in London, the school became a comprehensive school. Its status changed again with the changing political climate. In the 1990s, it became a Grant-Maintained school with a new name - La Retraite RC Girls' School, independent of the local authority. However, in 1999, it returned to the local authority fold in Lambeth as a school in the Trusteeship of the RC Diocese of Southwark. In 1997, while grant-maintained, it set up its own Sixth Form.
The school has grown from strength to strength. Year on year the buildings have been developed providing our students with the most up-to-date facilities with specialist areas for Science, Mathematics and Technology. We opened a brand new Sports Hall in 2010. In the summer of 2011, we converted our former gymnasium into two classrooms, a further ICT teaching room and three new offices. In June 2011, we successfully secured a capital grant to create a new Library and two new classrooms adding further to our rapidly expanding footprint; this was completed in 2012. Finally in 2013, we obtained a further capital grant for the construction of a new Performing Arts Block for Music, Drama and Dance which has transformed our provision for the Performing Arts. In 2015, we converted our playing field to a multi-purpose sports pitch which has had a huge impact on the teaching of PE & Sports and which has also benefitted a wide range of local clubs had which has put La Retraite very much on the local map for sporting activities.
In 2016, we finally, for the first time, had over 1000 pupils on roll (ranging from ages 11 to 18) which is testament to the school's ever increasing popularity amongst both the Catholic and local communities. We still want to expand further to accommodate the increase in pupils and hope to obtain further funding over the coming years for a new Art & DT block, 6th Form Centre and new whole-school Reception area with associated admin offices and a school hall. The plans are ready but we just need the green light to go - watch this space!
The tradition of La Retraite, reaching back to the 17th century, and our modern approach to the education of those students in our care intermingle to provide an atmosphere where students learn best, where they grow and develop into thoughtful and responsible Christian women determined to play a significant role in the 21st century.